It is one of the most beautiful and best preserved of the string of “fortresses – convents” which were scattered along the North African coast to both serve as shields against attackers from overseas. and place of spiritual retreat.
The Ribat of Sousse was erected at the end of the 8th century. Its architectural style is largely inspired by that implemented by the Byzantines, predecessors of the Arab conquerors on African soil. Moreover, materials of ancient origin largely go into the construction of the building.
Behind mighty crenellated walls, surmounted by a fording tower, which also served as a minaret, the structure spans two levels opening onto a courtyard entirely lined with arched porticoes.
The upper level accommodates the austere cells of the “monk-soldiers”, while the entire south wing is occupied by a large prayer room.